Here's an interesting piece of research for crime authors. Footprint analysis could be weaved into a future DI Horton novel
"It seems that footsteps are as unique as fingerprints, and can identify people with 99.8 per cent accuracy.
"For the first time, our results show that it probably is possible to use this in a real-world security application," says Todd Pataky of Shinshu University in Nagano, Japan.
Earlier studies suggested that everyone walks in a unique way that can be captured on film or by pressure sensors. But these studies tended to look at only 10 people each, making it difficult to tell how well the methods would work in the real world. So Pataky and colleagues asked 104 people to walk across a half-metre-long board studded with thousands of pressure sensors, recording ten steps per person. The sensors recorded how each foot applied pressure to the ground, and how that pressure distribution changed as the person walked.
The information collected was then input into a computer and used to train an algorithm to pick out the patterns in people's steps. Of the 1040 steps recorded, the algorithm wrongly identified only three – a 99.8 per cent success rate.
"Even if they have the same foot size, even if they have the same shape, [people] load their feet differently, and they do it consistently," Pataky says. Similar sensors, which are available commercially for about $20,000, could be used in airports to identify passengers as they walk barefoot through security.
Christopher Nester of the University of Salford in the UK thinks the technique could be used as a diagnostic tool for foot diseases and orthotics. As for security applications, he sees another, perhaps overlooked, drawback. "Nobody minds putting their fingertip on a glass surface, which is clean," he says. "But we very rarely wash our feet."
Speak for yourself!!
NB: Michael Bunting Author of A Fair Cop says, "Footprint analysis has been used in detecting crime for decades. Every worn shoe sole has unique indentations from grit, broken glass and other things we stand on. This means that, even if a suspect is wearing a popular shoe or trainer, the... marks it leaves are completely different to any other. The print is often lifted from soft surfaces like lino and can be caused by the offender standing in anything from dirt to blood. Some police officers carry little pocket books containing the most popular shoe patterns to assist them at crime scenes. Assessing gait is a tool that would only be used in serious crimes and where the offender is captured on CCTV or similar. Evidence of pronation and/or supination would not hold in an English court."